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Feb 4 / TierraLaJay

Rosa Parks 100th Birthday

February 4, 1913 Rosa Louise McCauley Parks, hall of fame civil rights activist and the “mother of the modern Civil Rights Movement,” was born in Tuskegee, Alabama. On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, she refused to obey a bus driver’s order to give up her seat to a white passenger and was arrested. Her arrest sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and made her an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. Eventually, she moved to Detroit, Michigan and from 1965 to 1988 worked for United States Representative John Conyers. Parks received many honors, including the 1979 Spingarn Medal from the NAACP, 1983 induction into the Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian honor, presented by President William Clinton September 9, 1996, and the Congressional Gold Medal in 1999. In 1976, the City of Detroit renamed 12th Street, Rosa Parks Boulevard. Parks died October 24, 2005 and was honored as the first woman and the second African American to lay-in-state at the Capitol Rotunda in Washington, D.C. She also laid-in-state in the Rotunda of the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History in Detroit, Michigan for 48 hours. Her name is enshrined in the Ring of Genealogy at the museum. Her biography, “Rosa Parks: A Biography,” was published in 2011. On May 24, 2012, the Washington National Cathedral dedicated a sculpture of Parks on the cathedral’s Human Rights Porch which celebrates those who struggled to bring equality and social justice to all people.National Day of Courage

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