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Sep 9 / scholarscooperative

Open Access Mandates / Policies

Perhaps you are familiar with funding agencies like the National Institutes of Health requiring their funded research be Open Access. There has also been a recent directive from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy that mandates public access to the products of funded research. Not only funding agencies are interested in making research open; many universities and research institutions have instituted mandatory open access archiving policies for their researchers.  In fact, over 150 universities worldwide, including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University, and the University of California System, have instituted mandatory open archiving policies.

Why do these policies exist?

Many believe that research can best serve the public when made freely available to all.  Additionally, many believe that publicly-funded research should be made freely available to taxpayers.

The National Institutes of Health have instituted a policy that requires all NIH funded research be made available to the public in their repository, PubMed Central.  According to the NIH, this policy was created “to help advance science and improve human health.”

How does these policies benefit the faculty authors?

Research has repeatedly shown that articles which are made “open” are cited more often and have a greater impact than articles that are “closed”.

Additionally, Open Access means more work is available to you in your research and teaching, without price and permission barriers.

Where can I get more information?

See ROARMAP (Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies) for a list of institutions with such policies.

Peter Suber has written an informative Open Access Overview.

While Wayne State University does not have an OA mandate, we do offer a “Green OA” option to make your own research Open Access: DigitalCommons@WayneState.  Send your CV to and we will gladly review it, provide you with a report, and make your work OA.