Happy National Cybersecurity Awareness Month 2018! Police your Password

It’s October! This means that—along with all those ever-important holidays like “Global Handwashing Day,” “National Feral Cat Day,” and “International Day of the Nacho“—it is National Cybersecurity Awareness Month! Unlike “Sweetest Day” (which I had honestly never heard of until I moved to Michigan), you do not have to buy someone candy to show your affections, you simply need to make certain that you are taking care to protect your online privacy.

As part of NCSAM, I thought that I would talk a bit about something we do not consider much: the password. Many of us realize that they are unavoidable, but consider them a nuisance that has to be worked around in order to do the things we want or need to do.

The average person spends eleven hours connected to the internet every day. From banking to chatting with friends, uploading a paper on Canvas to registering for classes, there is really no limit to the things we do on a daily basis online. Almost every single resource we use—from Facebook to Wayne Connect—is secured with a password. You may choose to better secure yourself using two-factor authentication (which I covered last year for NCSAM) but the first line of defense is always our password.

Sadly, most of the population is really bad at creating passwords. For example, this past week, I happened to watch the first episode of the Murphy Brown reboot, in which Candice Bergen’s character instructs her son to use “password” as the password for a new Twitter account. Amazingly, the IRS was actually discovered to be using “password” for a password for secure systems in 2015.

I find it interesting that we still have lists of worst passwords. In 2017, Time Magazine reported this list of the top ten worst passwords:

  • 123456
  • Password
  • 12345678
  • qwerty
  • 12345
  • 123456789
  • letmein
  • 1234567
  • football
  • iloveyou

These few statistics point out exactly why we cannot take risks with simple passwords:

  • 10,000 of the most common passwords (such as 12345, qwerty, or 123456) can access 98% of accounts.
  • 90% of passwords generated by users are vulnerable to hacking.
  • The average user has around 26 online profiles or accounts, yet they only use five passwords for all of them.
  • In 2014, five million Gmail passwords were hacked and released online.
  • In 2017, Yahoo admitted that the data breach that had occurred three years earlier reached three million accounts.

So, what is important in creating a password?

  1. Make it unique. Do not use the same password for more than one account. If a hacker gains access to one account, they will have access to every account using that password.
  2. Make it long. Longer passwords are simply more secure. You should be using at least eight characters.
  3. Use a phrase. Using more than one word increases its security. Use a phrase no one else would know.
  4. Vary the characters. Combine uppercase, lowercase, numbers, and special characters in your password. This has become a requirement for many accounts. As an example, using this and the last suggestion, if you wanted to set your password as “happy birthday”, write it as “H@ppyB1r+hD@y.”
  5. Avoid personal information and common words. Do not use information that someone could easily find out. If someone can learn your child’s name and the day they were born from a simple Facebook post, you are not choosing a good password.

With those thoughts, I would highly suggest that you consider using a password manager to create and maintain unique credentials for all of your profiles. A password manager is a type of software that creates, stores, and protects passwords. The best of these services should have an app for your mobile device that works in conjunction with add-ons for your computer’s browsers. This allows you to have your information everywhere you go.

Some of the top password managers are Dashlane, LastPass, and Keeper. Though there are free versions of some of these, they are often limited to the number of passwords they will store or how much you can share a password. Given the cost and hassle that goes along with identity theft, these programs are generally worth the cost. Since most of us have many accounts we are juggling in our lives, we would all be best served by using one.

Good news to remember for NCSAM!  I know how much people complain when our Wayne State accounts require us to change our password.  Because we would want to encourage all of the Wayne State family to use better passwords, C&IT instituted a policy where we will never again ask you to change your password if it meets certain strength requirements.

Have a wonderful National Cyber Security Awareness Month! Celebrate by spending a little time making certain that your information is safe both at home and work.

If you’d like some more tips for creating a secure password, see this excellent infographic from Mike’s Gear Reviews below.

Create Secure Password Infographic

Working with Canvas: Setting up for Journaling

By now I’m sure that you are adjusting to Canvas, Wayne State’s new learning management system (LMS)—but you have likely discovered that the new LMS is very different than Blackboard, which inherited many functions from purchased competitors. Canvas strives to have a streamlined user interface with more options rather than functions.

A number of faculty have voiced concern that there is no journal function, but the truth is that Canvas offers several options for you to set up student journals. I’ve outlined three ways to set up a journal, arranged in order of difficulty:  assignment group, discussion group, and a OneNote class notebook.

 

Assignment Group

Set up one assignment group that you define as Journal–this is by far the simplest way. You then create individual assignments for each journal for students to submit, which can later be given a percentage value in your Grades function.

Go into your desired course and follow the instructions below.

  1. Click on Assignments in the sub-menu on the left side and then click on the +Group button. You will then be offered a box to name the Group and designate a percentage of the final grade.

    Figure 1: Assignment Group: Create Group
    Figure 1: Assignment Group: Create group.
  2. Click on the button in your journal category to add the individual assignments to your journal.
  3. Figure 2: Assignment Group - Create Journal Assignment
    Figure 2: Assignment Group – Create Journal Assignment
  4. You will then be presented with a box where you will create the assignment. Give the journal a name, choose a due date, and assign the number of points for the journal. Clicking More Options will allow you to write a description for the assignment, change grade display options, how the assignment is submitted, allow peer reviews, and change the dates of availability.
Figure 3: Assignment Group - Create Assignment
Figure 3: Assignment Group – Create Assignment

Discussion Group

I’ve found that using a discussion group to have students journal works very well too. Essentially, you create a discussion group of one person for each student in your class. This allows students to see all their journal entries in one place.

    1. Click People on the course menu.
    2. Click + Group Set.

      Figure 4: Discussion Group - Create a Group
      Figure 4: Discussion Group – Create a Group
    3. Enter the name for the Group Set (e.g. reflective journals).
    4. Select the Split students into groups option and set the number to be equal to the number of students enrolled in your course.
    5. Click Save.

      Figure 5: Discussion Group - Setting up individual groups
      Figure 5: Discussion Group – Setting up individual groups
    6. Click Discussions on the course menu.
    7. Click the +Discussion button.

      Figure 6: Discussion Group - Set up the Discussion
      Figure 6: Discussion Group – Set up the Discussion
    8. Give the discussion a topic title and enter your instructions or message in the text editor.
    9. If you wish to make this a graded journal activity, select the Graded checkbox in the Options list.
    10. Select the This is a Group Discussion checkbox.
    11. Select the correct Group set from the dropdown menu.

      Figure 7: Discussion Group - Final Setup
      Figure 7: Discussion Group – Final Setup
    12. Click Save.

OneNote Class Notebook

This final method may require a bit more work, but I highly recommend it. OneNote is a Microsoft  Office365 tool that—once installed on your mobile device(s) and computer—allows you to keep notes that can be accessed anywhere.  It has a nice filing system that is organized with notebooks, folders, and pages. I use this all the time; it took the idea that Evernote began and made it even better.

Office 365’s integration with Canvas allows you to utilize the Class Notebook capabilities of the OneNote application. Via OneNote you can share materials, collaborate, or distribute assignments or quizzes. For the students, a notebook is made for each class with sections for each grouping (collaboration space, quizzes, journals). As a teacher, you will have the folders for each student, sections for each grouping, and then pages will be made for each journal entry. As a bonus, both the online version of OneNote and OneNote 2016 for Windows allow you to directly enter grades into Canvas from OneNote (unfortunately this feature does not work in the macOS version or the Windows app).

Though setup takes a bit of time, it is actually quite simple to follow and most of the settings are default.

  1. Once in your Canvas Class, Click Class Notebook.

    Figure 8: Getting Started
    Figure 8: Getting Started
  2. You’ll be presented with steps to sign into Office 365 and set up your Class Notebook. Click Sign into OneNote and you will be taken to the Office 365 sign-in screen for WSU.
  3. Click Create a class notebook.

    Figure 9: Create a Class Notebook
    Figure 9: Create a Class Notebook
  4. You’ll be asked to give the class a name–I suggest leaving the auto-completed name that is pulled from Canvas. Click Next.

    Figure 10: Name the Class
    Figure 10: Name the Class
  5. Again, Click Next as it shows what will be included in your Notebook.

    Figure 11: Notebook Sections
    Figure 11: Notebook Sections
  6. You’ll be asked to add any other people you would like to be included as a teacher. This is handy if you have TAs. The names will be self populated from WSU’s LDAP directory so you can simply begin typing the name. If you have a problem, use their AccessID.  If you have no one to add, just click Next.

    Figure 12: Teacher Permissions
    Figure 12: Teacher Permissions
  7. Click Next as the students’ names are imported from Canvas.

    Figure 13: Student Names
    Figure 13: Student Names
  8. Finally, you are able to add a sections for each of the students. This is where I added a section titled Journals. Next.

    Figure 14: Notebook Sections
    Figure 14: Notebook Sections
  9. Finally, you can view the setup for both the students and yourself. To see each, simply click the name of the views at the top part of the window. You’re done! Click Create.
Figure 15: Preview Contents
Figure 15: Preview Contents

The Notebook is now good to go. I suggest that you enable the teacher only section to get the most out of the tool. This is an area that allows you to keep materials that only you can view.

  1. In Canvas, go into your Class Notebook section. In the screen that opens, choose Manage Notebooks.

    Figure 15: Manage Notebook area.
    Figure 15: Manage Notebook area.

Scroll to the settings for the notebook you are using and click the text: Enable Teacher-Only section group.

Figure 15: Enable Teacher's Section
Figure 15: Enable Teacher’s Section

Now that OneNote is set up, you can not only use it to distribute guided reflective journals (or let the students simply create their own topics), you can use it to distribute notes, quizzes, or have an area for student collaboration. You will have a folder for each of the students and be able to see into any sections that have been created for them. All the while, a special toolbar helps you manage everything (for the Office 2016 version of OneNote, you will have to download and  install the toolbar add-on). Below are examples of the toolbars in the various versions of OneNote.  If you are a Mac user, you may sometimes want to use the online version, as it has more functionality.

Figure 16: OneNote 2016 Toolbar
Figure 16: Class Notebook Toolbar in OneNote 2016

 

Figure 17: OneNote Online Toolbar
Figure 17: Class Notebook Toolbar in OneNote Online
Figure 18: Class Notebook Toolbar in the OneNote Windows App
Figure 18: Class Notebook Toolbar in the OneNote Windows App

 

Figure 19: Class Notebook Toolbar in OneNote for OS X
Figure 19: Class Notebook Toolbar in OneNote for OS X

Which do I prefer?  Honestly, each works best for different situations–that is what is so ideal.

  • Last semester, I was giving my students topics to reflect on, so a Discussion Group was the best choice.
  • This semester I assigned videos for the students to watch and respond to—I used an Assignment Group for this.
  • OneNote is great students who need to keep an ongoing journal for their student teaching or internship.

Just choose what works best for you and your students!

If you need assistance with any of these options, contact the Learning Management System Support team at lmsadmin@wayne.edu. All Wayne State faculty have an Office365 account and may download apps like OneNote–if you have questions about this tool or others in the software, contact the C&IT Help Desk at 313-577-4357 or helpdesk@wayne.edu.