NOTES TO SELF AND WHOMEVER
They are characterized by a low contrast in stroke weight and angled serifs.
Example: Garamond, Sabon, Bembo, Jenson, Goudy, Palatino.
Transitional type’s higher contrast in thicks and thins were considered shocking. They have a more vertical axis and sharper serifs than humanist type.
Example: Baskerville, Times New Roman, Utopia, Bookman, Century.
Have a high contrast of strokes, straight serifs and a totally vertical axis.
Example: Bodoni, Didot, Walbum
Typefaces have heavy serifs and were used for decorative purposes and headlines because the heavy serifs impeded legibility at small point sizes.
Example: Clarendon, Serifa, Rockwell
These typefaces include a more upright axis and a uniform stroke.
Example: Helvetica, Univers, Franklin Gothic, Akzidenz Grotesque
Based on geometric forms. In some cases letters, such as the lower case ‘o’, are perfect geometric forms.
Example: Futura, Neutraface, Avant Garde, Gotham
SO WHAT IS A SERIF?
The right-angled or oblique “foot” at the end of a stroke.
TOOLS TO USE:
Rulers help you accurately place and measure objects in the illustration window or in an artboard. The point where 0 appears on each ruler is called the ruler origin.
- To show or hide rulers, choose View > Rulers > Show Rulers or View> Rulers > Hide Rulers.
The grid appears behind your artwork in the illustration window, and it does not print.
- To use the grid, choose View > Show Grid.
- To hide the grid, choose View > Hide Grid.
- To snap objects to gridlines, choose View > Snap To Grid, select the object you want to move, and drag it to the desired location.
Choose Edit > Preferences > Smart Guides (Windows) or Illustrator > Preferences > Smart Guides (Mac OS) to set the following preferences:
Specifies the color of the guides.
Displays guide lines that are generated along the center and edges of geometric objects, artboard, and bleeds. They are generated when you move objects and when you perform operations such as drawing basic shapes, using Pen tool, and transforming objects.
Displays information when paths intersect and when they are centered on an anchor point.
Displays information for many tools (such as Drawing tools and Text tools) about the current position the cursor as you position the cursor over an anchor point. While creating, selecting, moving, or transforming objects it displays the x and y delta from the object’s original location. When you press Shift with a drawing tool selected, the starting location appears.
Highlights the object below the pointer as you drag around it. The highlight color matches the object’s layer color.
Displays information when you scale, rotate, and shear objects.
Displays guidelines as you draw new objects. You specify the angles at which you want guidelines drawn from the anchor points of a nearby object. You can set up to six angles. Type an angle in the selected Angles box, select a set of angles from the Angles pop‑up menu, or select a set of angles from the pop‑up menu and change one of the values in the box to customize a set of angles. The preview reflects your settings.
Specifies the number of points the pointer must be from another object for Smart Guides to take effect.