The Armature, the Grid and Grid Systems
by: Denise Gonzales Crisp – 2007
Typographers design using at least two things together:
– A typographic element
– A space within and surrounding it.
Armatures – underly and bind elements through deliberate but fairly random placement ruled by “intuitively” divided space.
Grids – also underly and bind elements but with structural in addition to visual rules governing placement.
DaDa and De Stijl – early 20th century – advanced abstraction as a means of modern communication.
Principles of abstraction proved elemental to grid systems devised later.
Grid Systems – put similar principles to work except within a calculated program.
Typographer devises a system – assigns active or supporting duty to each pica, pixel, inch or cm. – an organizational map.
– Josef Muller-Brockmann
“The Grid System” – an aid in the Design of Advertisements, Catalogues and Exhibitions.
“Grid Systems in Graphic Design” – 1981
– Emil Ruder
“Typographie” – 1967
– Karl Gerstner
“Designing Programmes” – 1968
“Compendium for Literates” – 1974
Modules build structure and so “integrate elements of color, form and material” by way of visually and mechanically fastening together.