What is Open Access?
What is Open Access? Since Open Access (OA) is such a large topic, for now, we’ll just provide a few definitions, and move into other topics in upcoming blogs.
According to Peter Suber, author of Open Access, the definition is as follows: literature that is “digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions.” In other words, this information is freely available to anyone and allows for unrestricted use.
In general, a work can be made OA by two methods: publishing in an OA journal (called “Gold OA”), where the work is made OA by the publisher, and there could be article processing fees; OR archiving previously published works and postprints, in an OA repository (called “Green OA”). A postprint is a version of a research article after the peer review process (evaluation of work by others with knowledge similar to that of the author). Many publishers, including high impact journals, are Green OA friendly, and allow authors to submit postprints for inclusion in repositories. This allows the work to appear in the journal, as well as being freely accessible around the world to those who have barriers to accessing the journal.
The current model for libraries with repositories, is Green OA, as is the case with DigitalCommons@WayneState (DC@WSU), our own repository. There are many advantages to Green OA publishing including it being a quick and easy avenue for an author to reach a wider audience. This can be done simply by providing a postprint to the library for inclusion in DC@WSU, at absolutely no monetary cost to the author! Please take a moment to visit DC@WSU and browse some of the wonderful research and scholarship of the WSU community!
Questions? Want to know more? Please feel free to
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And take a peek at the Scholarly Communications guide for more info about OA and other topics.
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The image above is the OA logo, originally designed by the Public Library of Science, a nonprofit OA publisher.