Rhythm and Proporiton
Rhythm and Proportion
2.1 Horizontal Motion
- Define the word space to suit the size and natural letter fit on the font.
- Choose a comfortable measures (between 43-75)
- Set ragged if setting suites the text and the page.
- Use a single word between sentences.
- Add title or no space within strings of initials.
- Letter space all string of capitals and small caps, and all long strings of digits.
- Don’t letterspace the lower case without a reason.
- Kern consistently and modestly or not at all.
- Don’t alter the width or shapes of letters without cause.
- Don’t stretch the space until it breaks.
2.2 Vertical Motion
- Choose a basic leading that suites the typeface, text, and measures.
- Add and delete vertical space in measured intervals.
- Don’t suffocate the page.
2.3 Blocks and paragraphs
- Set opening paragraphs flush left.
- In continuous text, mark all paragraphs after the first with an indent of at least one en.
- Add extra lead before and after block quotations.
- Indent or center verse quotations.
2.4 Etiquette of Hyphenation and Pagination
- At hyphenation line-ends, leave at least two characters behind and take at least three forward.
- Avoid leaving the stub-end of a hyphenated word, or any word shorter than four letters, as the last line of a paragraph.
- Avoid more than three consecutive hyphenated lines.
- hyphenate proper names only as a last resort unless they occur with the frequency of common nouns.
- Hyphenate according to the convention of the language.
- link short numerical expressions with hard spaces.
- Avoid beginning more than two consecutive lines with the same word.
- Never begin a page with the last line of a multi-line paragraph.
- Balance facing pages by moving single lines.
- Avoid hyphenated breaks where the text is interrupted.
- Abandon any and all rules of hyphenation and pagination that fail to serve the needs of the text.